February 21, 2020

Roti, Phulka, Chapati Recipe step by step-How to make

Indian bread or roti is a flatbread that’s made in almost every part of india. roti, sabzi (a sterile vegetable dish) and dal are regular staple dishes at home. Rotis are also served with a vegetable or paneer (cottage cheese) curry.

Ghee and salt may or may not be added. I add some salt and ghee to the dough. the entire wheat flour that’s used in producing these indian breads are hard to semi hard wheat durum wheat. The wheat is finely ground. this wheat germ is known as as”atta”.

The exact same flat bread is known as roti or phulka in different areas of india. these breads could be made thin or of medium depth. in some regions like gujarat, the phulkas are created very thin. i know this as I have hands-on experience of savoring these kind of phulkas from a gujarati colleague.



The roti gets puffed up when exposed to dry heat like that of this a direct fire and puffs up. This puffing up can be achieved on an immediate fire and on the tava itself. A tag is concave flat pan to make the rotis.

A chapati is a slightly different kind of flat bread. The term”chapati” is derived from a marathi word”chapat” meaning”flat”. instead of rolling the chapatis were flattened by hand. Of course its time consuming to flatten the chapati from the palms in today’s times. so nowadays a rolling pin is utilized. a chapati can also be thin or moderate rolled.

Chapati can also be made on a tava and can puff or partly puff (pic below). oil is used while roasting the chapatis on the tava. there is a variant of chapati manufactured in Maharashtra called as’poli’. where the wrapped dough is layered with oil/ghee and folded thrice. then rolled back — much like the way we create parathas in north India.

The phulka could be smeared with or without ghee or oil. As the rotis are made from whole wheat flour so they are healthy and easy to digest. Here in this post, i will explain the fundamental method of making a roti or even phulka. Apart from that there are many roti makers which you can take a look to make roti faster and easily.

Recipes have step-by-step photos and helpful tips that will help you make it readily and flawlessly.

Recipe roti

Method to produce roti or phulka


  1. 3 cups whole wheat flour or atta
  2. 1 to 1.25 cups water or more if needed
  3. 1/2 to 3/4 teaspoon salt (optional)
  4. 1 to 2 tsp oil or ghee (optional)


kneading dough to get rotis or phulka:

  • take whole wheat flour/atta in a bowl. seive the whole wheat flour with salt. Add a bit of water and ghee and begin mixing.
  • Adding some water to the dough in parts, begin to knead the dough.
  • continue to knead the dough.
  • Knead the dough till it becomes pliable and soft. The final dough consistency should not be very soft or hard.
  • make small to medium balls of the dough. Roll the balls in the palms of the hands.
  • flatten the ball. sprinkle some whole wheat flour to the dough ball. Alternatively, you can also dust the rolling board with flour.
  • Making roti on tawa:
  • turn on the gas stove and place the tawa to ensure it is hot.
  • While data is becoming hot, begin rolling out the dough ball into a flat round circle.
  • Once the tawa is satisfactorily hot, subsequently place the roti on a popular tawa/griddle.
  • First cook one side. It should be less than half an hour or about one-fourth cooked. this ought to be a tiny bit more cooked than the first side. Brown spots should be observable.
  • Now hold the roti using a tong and maintain the very first side, that was cooked, right on fire. The roti will begin to puff.
  • Flip and keep the other side on flame. The roti will puff more. avoid burning off the rotis and also don’t overdo it as roti won’t be tender and will become crisp and difficult like papads.
  • Eliminate and use ghee on the rotis. Applying ghee or oil to keep them tender for a long time. Rotis made with this method is ideally served sexy.

If you cannot serve them hot, then you are able to keep them in a container which keeps food warm just like a casserole or inside a roti basket. You can also wrap them up into a kitchen towel or napkin.


Function the tender rotis with dal or a skillet.


Take complete wheat flour/atta at a bowl. Seive the entire wheat flour . add a little bit of water and ghee and start mixing.

Adding some water into the dough in parts, start to knead the dough.

  • keep on adding water as required. If you include all of the water at once then the flour will grow to be too sticky to handle. Also you need to knock down the dough with your fist while kneading. gluten strands have to be shaped. if gluten strands aren’t formed then it’ll be difficult to roll up the rotis.
  • In the last point of kneading the dough, a few people also prefer to throw the dough from approx 1-2 feet elevation to the bowl while kneading. This helps in creating the dough tender. But i prefer to apply pressure from my fist. in that the pic below you can see the hand position which is used to knead the dough.
  • keep on kneading till the dough becomes pliable and soft. the closing dough consistency shouldn’t be that soft or hard. after kneading the dough, so it is advisable to cover it with a plate cloth and keep it away for 20 to half an hour. Although you can make the rotis straight off after kneading the dough but this 30-minute waiting period helps.
  • I also use kitchenaid stand mixer to create the dough and it works extremely well. Many roti manufacturer gadgets knead the dough well but till now there is not a fantastic gadget that assist in bettering the rotis.
  • Now make small to medium balls of the dough.
  • Flatten the chunk. sprinkle a number of whole wheat flour into the dough ball. alternatively, it is also possible to dust the rolling board with flour.
  • Turn on the gas stove and put the data to make it hot. the tawa has to be hot to make soft rotis. I normally make rotis on a high fire. On sim or low flame, the rotis become hard and on a very high fire they cook too fast. so regulate the warmth while making the rotis.
  • So how do find out that tawa is sexy enough to make roti — back home, we sprinkle little whole wheat flour in tawa or griddle and if it becomes dark quickly then the tawa is prepared to make rotis.
  • While tawa is getting hot, begin rolling the dough ball into a flat round ring.
  • Keep on rolling until you get a circle as shown in the below pic. Making the curved rotis is not easy and with practice you will be able to roll them around. sprinkle some wheat flour if the dough starts to elongate or become sticky whilst rolling.
  • The trick to roll round roti is that when you are rolling out the dough then the roti should also be moving in circular direction.
  • Also ensure the rotis are not thick as they take much time to cook and also not simple to puff up and digest.
  • Now place the roti onto a popular tawa/griddle.
  • First cook one facet.
  •  Turn and cook on the other side. this should be a little bit more cooked than the initial side. Brown spots should be observable. the pic below shows the roti prepared to place on fire.
  • Now hold the roti with a tong and maintain the first side, that was cooked, right on fire. The roti will begin to puff.
  • Turn and keep the other side on flame. the roti will puff more. Avoid burning off the rotis and also don’t overdo it because roti won’t be soft and will eventually become crisp and hard like papads.

Remove and apply ghee on the roti. applying ghee or oil keep them soft for a long time. Roti made with this procedure is ideally served sexy. If you cannot serve these then you can keep them in a container that keeps food warm just like a casserole or in a roti basket. you can also wrap them up into a kitchen towel or napkin.

Serve the soft rotis with dals such as chana dal, masoor dal or a veggie dish such as aloo gobi, vegetable kadai, stuffed capsicum etc. when you plan to serve rotis with sterile veggie dish then its best to apply some ghee or oil into rotis whilst serving them. Applying ghee on rotis also help keep the rotis soft.

Best hobbies for women to learn

An activity for people  to do at their free time which provides happiness and personal fulfilment is called hobby. Hobby is each one’s personal interest other than their occupation . Hobbies play important role especially  in women life. With family and work commitments women may not get personal time . This may affect to physical and mental health of women as they get old. Therefore , learning new things and spending little time  to do their interested activity will greatly improve maintain physical and mental well being of women. Let’s see few amazing benefits of having a good hobby.

Benefits of hobbies for women

  • Spending a quality time for your hobby will give self satisfaction and happiness in life when you are fed up with daily work routine. Hobbies are great stress relievers.
  • Learning new activity that is not attached to work will boost energy and self confidence , helps to complete daily routine work
  • Hobbies offer new experience , challenges and creativity which leads to explore new things in present world and   encourages the growth of new brain cells.
  • Learning a good hobby keeps you away from over exposure to social medias during free time. If you are excelled in your hobby , you can turn it into part-time job and make some additional money . This may help in emergency financial need.
  • Lifestyle of a working women changes suddenly after retirement. They may find difficult to spend entire day fruitfully. That time , learning new hobbies will help greatly for them.
  • Over age 50 , during menopause time women may get into depression and start feel loneliness. Hobbies are great medicines during this time to maintain mental stability and physical stability.
  • Women is back bone of family. Hence, happiness gained by doing your favourite activity will lead to happy family!

There are plenty of hobbies suitable for women to learn. Few best hobbies  among them are listed below.

  1. Sewing : Sewing is best option for women to spend their free time fruitfully. Sewing is an interesting activity  which improves your creativity , concentration  and patience . This hobby helps to save money and easy to learn. If you are eager to do any job  , but cannot go outside due to personal commitments , then you can take –up sewing as a work from home job also! There are so many new things to explore in sewing  like embroidery , quilting etc . Hence this can be a very good hobby for a women to spend their free time. You can refer to https://learningsewing.com/
  2. Swimming : Swimming is an amazing life skill which gives complete physical workout for your body. It helps to reduce the body weight and stay fit since it burns lots of calories. It also helps to improve lungs capacity and muscular strength. Swimming keeps your heart healthy and very helpful to overcome from stress. So , swimming is also a best choice for women to learns.
  3. Learning Guitar : Guitar is one of the famous musical instrument. Learning guitar and playing it in your free time is a very enjoyable hobby. This greatly helps to relieve stress and enhances the memory power. This field has so many things to explore and scope for your creativity !!
  4. Gardening : Gardening is one of very popular and favourite activity for many women! No need to go for any class to learn gardening. You can take few tips from gardening experts and start this hobby. Spending time with plants gives great relaxation and you can feel extreme satisfaction when you see outcomes from plants i.e., flowers/vegetables/ fruits!!
  5. Reading/Writing : If you want to spend you free time lonely , reading / writing are best options . You can write your inner feelings in the form of poet /story/essay/novel and get self relaxation and satisfaction. Reading good book/magazine/blog  is a very good hobby which enhances your knowledge and helps to forget your difficulties in life. These to activities boosts your confidence level.
  6. Jewellery making : Women love to wear variety’s of jewellery. So , learning jewellery making can be an interesting hobby for women. It improves creativeness and gives self satisfaction while wearing jewellery made by themselves!!
  7. Painting : Painting is a beautiful activity which gives lot of happiness. This gives great self satisfaction and relieves stress. Enhances the memory power , concentration and patience. There are so many varieties of painting starting from pencil drawing, water colour to oil painting , wall painting etc. This is the best choice to spend your leisure time.
  1. Photography : In this era of Smartphone’s , everyone has chance to take good photos. You can learn how to take good quality photos and spend your free time taking amazing photos. And can make good albums or publish in magazines. You can cherish your present memories in future if you take photos and keep it safe. It gives you happiness and satisfaction.
  1. Cycling : Cycling is also a best option for women to take-up as hobby. Once you get balance , it does not require any class or guidance or any particular place , hence women can do cycling at their convenient time and place. So this will be very helpful women to adjust their time for cycling in day-today life. Cycling boosts your happiness and energy. This the best way to get relaxed from boring daily routine of life. It improves muscle strength , flexibility and reduces risk of chronic diseases. Cycling has less risk factors and group cycling boosts your competitiveness and confidence. 
  1. Singing/dancing : Many women took-up these two great arts as profession. But , women can learn singing or dancing for their personal happiness as a hobby. So that , you can sing/ dance at your leisure time which will give you lot of happiness and boosts your energy to do your routine job. Singing greatly helps to express out your emotion and relieve stress , also keeps you calm. Dancing gives physical exercise for your body and helps to maintain good fitness. There are so many forms of singing and dancing to explore.

 These are the couple of best hobbies suitable for women to learn. There is no age limit for learning. Therefore , learn a new activity according to your personal interest and make your leisure time fruitful!

How To Make Whole Wheat Pizza Dough

we’re making holy pizza dough here I have 6 ounces of whole wheat flour and I’m going to add a teaspoon of yeast and I’m going to add nine fluid ounces which is about a cup in two tablespoons of warm up just going to mix this smooth.
this will give the flour a chance to absorb the liquid with whole-wheat flour it’s good to give a little extra time for the liquid to get absorbed and that’s why I’m making a sponge we’re going to set this aside and let it rise and then we’re going to finish our dough.
we’ll just cover this and let it rest for about thirty minutes to an hour well it’s been an hour so let’s see if our sponge is ready when you lift it up it.
should be nice and foamy underneath which this is you can see it’s deflating as I stir it so this is ready we can add the rest of our reasons to add a teaspoon of kosher salt and two teaspoons of olive oil.
Whole Wheat Pizza Dough I’m using extra virgin olive oil and then I’m just using bread flour here 6006 is as much as possible with a spoon.
and then I’ll begin kneading it the more you mix it in the bowl the easier it is to knead later and it’s a little less sticky on your hands if I feel like this is too wet I can add a little extra flour if I feel that it’s going to be too dry I can add a little.
extra water and that’s best to do early in the mixing process this is going to be pretty good the dough is all sticking together and it feels pretty good I think I don’t need to add anything else.
everything mixed up and now I’ll start to knead gather this all together I didn’t put any extra flour on the table because they still have some dry bits of dough here to pick up it .
starts to stick to the counter I can add a little extra flour I don’t want to add too much I don’t have to it can make my dough dry and starting to get a little sticky as I knead it as it’s picking up.
all the pieces so it feels a little sticky right now I’m just going to add a little flour to my kneading surface and we’re making enough dough here for just one sheet pan pizza so it’s a pretty small easy to neat piece of dough.
and I’m just going to knead by pushing the heel of my hand on the dough back and forth until the dough feels nice and smooth and somewhat extensible I’ve been needing for about three minutes .
now so this is just a couple more minutes and we’ll be done this dough is sort of sticky you can see the dough is sticking.
to my hands don’t worry about it it’s just the nature of a whole-wheat flour so if it’s too sticky just add a little more flour as you’re going very little.
all right vigorously needed this doll for five minutes and it’s ready so I’m just going to round it up which helps give a nice surface to contain the carbon dioxide produced by the yeast and we’re going to place it back in the bowl that .
we used earlier and let it rise again in the winter my kitchen is kind of cool so I’m going to place my bowl with my dough to rise in a warm water.
bath so that it gives it a nice warm cozy environment to grow in well let our dough rise until it’s about double in size it should take about an hour our.
dough has been rising for an hour let’s see how it is you can see it’s puffed up quite a bit I’ll just see if the dough stays indented when I push my finger down on it it does it’s a little sticky .
and whole-wheat pizza dough will be a little stickier than regular in whole wheat flour we have the whole wheat.
kernel ground up and so you have brand in there and that actually cuts through the gluten that we formed in there so that’s one of the reasons that it’s a little trickier making a good whole-wheat pizza dough .
I replenish this water once while it was rising so that it would still be nice and warm so we’ll get rid of this now make sure my counter is dry I’m just going to take this dough out.
and reshape it so that it will be perfect for making our pizza dough now you might be tempted to use this dough.
right now and press it into your pan but it will be better if we give it a shaping and then let it rest until it’s risen a little bit and extensible .
so I’m just going to coat this with a little flour and we’ll set it aside keep it covered so it doesn’t dry out .
and in about 15 or 30 minutes this should be ready it’s been about 35 minutes or so since we put this aside and you can see.
that the indentation stays and it’s it’s nice and light and it should be ready to work with I’m just going to flour it a little bit because the dough is a little sticky just to handle it I’m going to start stretching it out before I put it .
on my tray with my fingers open that up a little bit now I’m going to put some oil on my tray and place my dough on here I’m going to turn it around on both sides so I get a little oil on both sides of the dough and I’m just going to stretch this to fit the pan if you don’t let this dough rest like we did it’d be very hard to stretch out all right so here we are now.
if you’d like to do this on a peel instead of in a tray like this and  but this works very fine and gives you a little bit of a crispier crust when you do it in the olive oil.